How to make Biryani Masala at Home

Biryani, an aromatic and flavorsome dish, owes much of its allure to the exquisite blend of spices encapsulated within the Biryani Masala. Elevating your culinary prowess to new heights, creating your own Biryani Masala at home promises not just a tantalizing meal but an aromatic journey through Indian cuisine.

Ingredients for Biryani Masala:

  • Cumin Seeds
  • Coriander Seeds
  • Black Peppercorns
  • Cloves
  • Cinnamon Sticks
  • Green Cardamom Pods
  • Black Cardamom Pods
  • Bay Leaves
  • Nutmeg
  • Mace
  • Star Anise
  • Fennel Seeds

Unraveling the Essence of Biryani Masala

At the heart of a spectacular Biryani lies its soulful and aromatic masala. The Biryani Masala, a symphony of spices carefully selected and combined in perfect harmony, bestows upon the dish its characteristic aroma and taste.

Crafting Homemade Biryani Masala

Cumin Seeds & Coriander Seeds:

The earthy notes of Cumin Seeds coupled with the mild, citrusy flavor of Coriander Seeds form the base of the Biryani Masala, imparting depth to its profile.

Black Peppercorns & Cloves:

The robust heat of Black Peppercorns, complemented by the warm, sweet essence of Cloves, adds a layer of piquancy and sweetness to the masala.

Cinnamon Sticks, Cardamom Pods & Bay Leaves:

The warmth of Cinnamon Sticks, the floral fragrance of Cardamom Pods, and the subtle bitterness of Bay Leaves infuse the masala with complexity and depth.

Nutmeg, Mace & Star Anise:

The earthy, nutty tones of Nutmeg and Mace, along with the licorice-like sweetness of Star Anise, contribute to the masala’s unique aroma and flavor.

Fennel Seeds:

The mild, sweet flavor of Fennel Seeds imparts a refreshing and slightly anise-like taste, rounding off the Biryani Masala with finesse.

Crafting Biryani Masala - Step-by-Step

Making Biryani Masala from scratch can truly elevate the flavor of your Biryani dish! Here’s a step-by-step guide:


  • 10-12 dried red chilies (adjust to spice preference)
  • 4 tablespoons coriander seeds
  • 2 tablespoons cumin seeds
  • 2 tablespoons fennel seeds
  • 1 tablespoon black peppercorns
  • 1 tablespoon cloves
  • 1 tablespoon green cardamom pods
  • 1 tablespoon black cardamom pods
  • 4-5 cinnamon sticks (about 2 inches each)
  • 1 nutmeg (grated or about 1 tablespoon pre-ground)
  • 4-5 bay leaves
  • 1 tablespoon dried rose petals (optional)
  • 1 tablespoon turmeric powder


1) Prepare the Spices:

Heat a pan on low-medium heat and dry roast each spice separately (except turmeric and dried rose petals) until fragrant. Stir frequently to avoid burning. Once roasted, set them aside to cool.

2) Grind the Spices:

  • Once the spices have cooled down, combine them in a grinder along with the dried rose petals and turmeric powder.
  • Grind the spices into a fine powder. You may need to do this in batches, ensuring all the spices are ground uniformly.

3) Strain (Optional):

If desired, you can strain the ground masala through a fine sieve to get an extra fine powder. This step is optional but can give the masala a smoother texture.

4) Storage:

Store the Biryani Masala in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. It stays fresh for a few months, but fresher spices generally yield better flavor.


  • Adjust Spice Level: The quantity of red chilies can be adjusted based on how spicy you want the masala to be.
  • Personalize: Feel free to experiment with the proportions of spices to suit your taste preferences.
  • Use Quality Spices: Fresh and high-quality spices will make a significant difference in the aroma and taste of your Biryani Masala.


Crafting your Biryani Masala at home is not just a culinary endeavor; it’s an ode to tradition, aroma, and the art of perfect seasoning. Embrace this aromatic journey and relish the joy of creating a Biryani that encapsulates your love for authentic flavors.

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