Chicken Biryani Masala Recipe: How to Make Chicken Biryani Masala at Home

Chicken Biryani is a beloved dish in many parts of the world, known for its fragrant rice, succulent chicken, and rich blend of spices. The secret to a perfect Chicken Biryani lies in its masala. Girani’s Chicken Biryani Masala recipe combines traditional flavors with a modern touch, making it easy to prepare a delicious biryani at home. This guide provides a step-by-step recipe for making Chicken Biryani Masala, ensuring a flavorful and aromatic dish that will impress your family and friends.

Ingredients for Chicken Biryani Masala

To create an authentic Chicken Biryani Masala, you’ll need a mix of whole and ground spices. Here’s what you’ll need:

Whole Spices

  • 2 bay leaves
  • 4-5 cloves
  • 4-5 green cardamom pods
  • 2 black cardamom pods
  • 2-inch cinnamon stick
  • 1 star anise
  • 1 teaspoon black peppercorns
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1 teaspoon fennel seeds

Ground Spices

  • 2 tablespoons coriander powder
  • 1 tablespoon turmeric powder
  • 1 tablespoon red chili powder
  • 1 teaspoon garam masala powder
  • 1 teaspoon cumin powder

Other Ingredients

  • 1 kg chicken, cut into pieces
  • 2 cups basmati rice
  • 2 large onions, thinly sliced
  • 2 tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 cup yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons ginger-garlic paste
  • 1/2 cup fresh mint leaves
  • 1/2 cup fresh coriander leaves
  • 4 green chilies, slit
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1/2 cup vegetable oil or ghee
  • Salt to taste
  • Saffron strands soaked in 1/4 cup warm milk (optional)

Preparing the Chicken Biryani Masala

Step 1: Toast and Grind Whole Spices

  1. Toast the Spices: In a dry pan, toast the whole spices (bay leaves, cloves, green and black cardamom pods, cinnamon stick, star anise, black peppercorns, cumin seeds, and fennel seeds) over medium heat for 2-3 minutes until fragrant.
  2. Grind the Spices: Let the toasted spices cool slightly, then grind them into a fine powder using a spice grinder or mortar and pestle.

Step 2: Marinate the Chicken

  1. Prepare the Marinade: In a large bowl, combine the ground spices, yogurt, ginger-garlic paste, half of the mint and coriander leaves, and salt.
  2. Marinate the Chicken: Add the chicken pieces to the marinade, ensuring they are well-coated. Cover and refrigerate for at least 1 hour, preferably overnight for deeper flavor.

Cooking the Chicken Biryani

Step 3: Prepare the Rice

  1. Rinse and Soak the Rice: Rinse the basmati rice under cold water until the water runs clear. Soak the rice in water for 30 minutes, then drain.
  2. Parboil the Rice: Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil. Add the soaked rice and cook until it is 70-80% done (the grains should still be firm). Drain the rice and set aside.

Step 4: Cook the Chicken

  1. Fry the Onions: In a large, heavy-bottomed pot, heat the vegetable oil or ghee over medium heat. Add the sliced onions and fry until they are golden brown and crispy. Remove half of the fried onions and set aside for garnish.
  2. Cook the Chicken: Add the marinated chicken to the remaining onions in the pot. Cook for 10-15 minutes until the chicken is browned and cooked through. Stir in the chopped tomatoes and green chilies, cooking until the tomatoes are soft and the oil begins to separate from the masala.

Step 5: Layer the Biryani

  1. Layer the Ingredients: Reduce the heat to low. Layer the parboiled rice over the chicken mixture in the pot. Sprinkle the remaining mint and coriander leaves, fried onions, lemon juice, and saffron milk (if using) over the rice.
  2. Dum Cooking: Cover the pot with a tight-fitting lid or seal it with aluminum foil. Cook on low heat for 20-25 minutes, allowing the flavors to meld together and the rice to finish cooking.

Step 6: Serve the Biryani

  1. Garnish and Serve: Carefully fluff the rice with a fork to mix the layers. Serve the Chicken Biryani hot, garnished with the reserved fried onions and additional fresh herbs if desired.

Tips for Perfect Chicken Biryani

  • Quality Ingredients: Use high-quality basmati rice and fresh spices for the best flavor.
  • Proper Marination: Allow the chicken to marinate for at least an hour to absorb the spices fully.
  • Layering: Proper layering of rice and chicken is essential for the authentic biryani experience.
  • Dum Cooking: Ensure the pot is tightly sealed during the final cooking stage to trap steam and infuse flavors.


Making Chicken Biryani at home can be a rewarding experience, especially with the right blend of spices. Girani’s Chicken Biryani Masala recipe provides a step-by-step guide to creating this beloved dish with ease. Whether you’re cooking for a family gathering or a special occasion, this recipe will help you deliver a flavorful and aromatic Chicken Biryani that everyone will love.

Final Thoughts

Chicken Biryani is a dish that brings people together, and with Girani’s Chicken Biryani Masala recipe, you can create an authentic and delicious biryani in your kitchen. Experiment with the spices and ingredients to make it your own, and enjoy the rich, comforting flavors of this classic dish. Happy cooking!


What is the key to a good Chicken Biryani?

The key to a good Chicken Biryani is using high-quality ingredients, proper marination, and careful layering of the rice and chicken. Cooking on low heat (dum cooking) also ensures that the flavors meld together perfectly.

Can I make Chicken Biryani without saffron?

Yes, you can make Chicken Biryani without saffron. While saffron adds a unique aroma and color, you can substitute it with turmeric-infused milk for a similar effect.

How long should I marinate the chicken for Biryani?

For the best flavor, marinate the chicken for at least 1 hour, but preferably overnight. This allows the spices to penetrate the chicken thoroughly.

Can I use pre-ground spices for the Biryani Masala?

While pre-ground spices can be used, toasting and grinding whole spices just before use enhances the flavor and aroma of the Biryani Masala.

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